Re: RARA-AVIS: Marxism and Hardboiled?

From: Michael Robison (
Date: 04 Sep 2006

Ed Lynskey wrote:

It's surprised me to learn how many of the hardboiled writers had leftist leanings. Len Zinberg was a socialist democrat so much that he used the psuedonym Ed Lacy to publish his fiction. Bruno Fischer had leftist leanings as well. Both were politically active, Fischer having run for public office and lived in an upstate NY cooperative.

*************** Your comment about Bruno Fischer is interesting. Wasn't he a pulp writer? In Frank Gruber's memoir, Pulp Jungle, he states that none of them had much politics, and I think Fischer was one of his cohorts. My guess is that Gruber wasn't always aware of what his buddies were thinking.


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