RARA-AVIS: 1st Woman Writing Noir?

Bill Hagen (billha@ionet.net)
Sat, 27 Mar 1999 01:01:24 -0600 (CST) I recently did a paper on Dorothy B. Hughes' career in the 1940s, and
tentatively speculated that she may have been the first woman to publish a
novel with noir elements, _The Fallen Sparrow_(1942).

What do rara-avians think about that claim, in terms of other female
writers publishing during or before the early 1940s?

The other major writer I know about fr. the 1940s is Leigh Brackett, and
her novel, _No Good From a Corpse_. (1944). Later, of course, she was known
for her screenwriting and short fiction. Did she write any earlier novels
I should look up?

Generally, were there other women writing hard-boiled or noir fiction,
especially novels, before 1942?

[In the short article on Leigh Brackett in _Hard-Boiled_, I see the names
of Craig Rice (Georgiana Ann Randolph Craig), M.V. Heberden, Helen Nielsen,
and Dolores Hitchens, but gather their careers may have developed later, in
the 1950s.]

Thanks for suggestions and help in this matter.

Bill Hagen

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